What is Frontend and Backend Web Development?



In general, web development refers to building, creating, and maintaining websites. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management. It’s the work that happens behind the scenes to make a website look great, work fast and perform well with a seamless user experience. Development

Web developers, or “devs”, do this by using a variety of coding languages. The languages they use depends on the types of tasks they are performing and the platforms on which they are working. The field of web development is generally broken down into front-end (the user-facing side) and back-end (the server side). Development

While front-end and back-end development are certainly distinct from one another, they are also like two sides of the same coin. A website’s functionality relies on each side communicating and operating effectively with the other as a single unit and both play a very important role in web development. Development

What is Front-end Development? Development

The front-end of a website is what you see and interact with on your browser. Also referred to as “client-side”, it includes everything the user experiences directly: from text and colors to buttons, images, and navigation menus. Let’s say you decide to start a business. You open a pet grooming and supplies shop and need a professional website to present your company to customers and tell them where you’re located. Maybe you’ll decide to include a few photos and some information about your products. All you need are front-end technologies to build your website.

Which are the main Front-end Development Technologies? Development

These three languages will do the trick:


HTML is the fundamental coding language that creates and organizes web content so it can be displayed by a browser. You can learn more about HTML here.


CSS is a language that accompanies HTML, and defines the style of a website’s content, such as layout, colors, fonts, etc.


JavaScript is a programming language used for more interactive elements like drop down menus, modal windows, and contact forms.

Together these essentials create everything that’s visually presented when you visit a webpage, whether it’s online shopping, reading the news, checking your email or conducting a Google search. In addition to basic front-end languages, you’ll come across frameworks like Bootstrap and Angular, as well as JavaScript libraries like jQuery, and CSS extensions like Sass and LESS. There’s a long list of resources like these, which support HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Their purpose is simply to make code (and the process of writing it) more manageable and organized by providing various tools and templates compatible with common coding languages.

Front-end Development and Web Design Development

It’s important to note that, although front-end development deals with the visual and interactive side of a website, it is not the same as web design. Front-end developers don’t actually design these front-facing aspects of a website; this is the job of a web designer, or more specifically, a UI designer. The front-end developer takes this design and builds it into something functional using the front-end languages we talked about above.

Web designers are concerned with design: the look and feel of the website, how it’s laid out, and what buttons and touch-points the user experiences. Front-end developers are concerned with functionality; the engineering that transforms these designs into a live, interactive website.

Behind the Scenes Development

Fast forward a few months. Your business website looks great, and the pet grooming and supplies has become incredibly successful. Now customers want to buy large quantities of pet grooming products and start asking if they can order online.

This request beckons the development of an online store where people can shop and place orders anytime. This means your site will now have to store information about products, purchases, user profiles, credit cards, and more. This is where back-end development comes into effect.

What is Back-end Development? Development

So far, what you have is an example of a static website — its content doesn’t really change much. For static sites, all the necessary information that determines what’s on the web page is in the front-end code itself. Static websites are good for showcasing things like businesses, restaurants, portfolios, or professional profiles. But if you want to turn your site into something that users can interact with, you’ll need to get more in-depth with regard to what’s going on behind the scenes of the website. Development

The back-end (or “server-side”) is the portion of the website you don’t see. It’s responsible for storing and organizing data and ensuring everything on the client-side actually works. The back-end communicates with the front-end, sending and receiving information to be displayed as a web page. Whenever you fill out a contact form, type in a web address, or make a purchase (any user interaction on the client-side), your browser sends a request to the server-side, which returns information in the form of front-end code that the browser can interpret and display.

Your new site will need to have additional back-end components to make it a dynamic web application — a website whose content can change based on what is in its database, and that can be modified by user input. This is distinct from a static website, which doesn’t require a database because its content generally stays the same.

Server-Side Set Up Development

Your website needs a database to manage all the customer and product information. A database stores website content in a structure that makes it easy to retrieve, organize, edit, and save data. It runs on a remote computer called a server. There are many different databases that are widely used, such as MySQL, SQL Server, PostgresSQL, and Oracle. Development

Your app will still contain front-end code, but it also has to be built using a language that a database can recognize. Some common back-end languages are Ruby, PHP, Java, .Net, and Python. These programming languages often run on frameworks that simplify the web development process. Rails, for example, is a framework written in Ruby. The hence-named Ruby on Rails is a popular technology for building dynamic web apps that makes the process much faster. Development

With all of these parts working together correctly, customers can visit your website and search for the particular kind of snack they want to buy – perhaps they want to pull up a list of treats made especially for small puppies. When they type it into the search box (on the front-end), the application looks through all the product data stored in the database (back-end), and returns the appropriate information in the form of front-end code that the browser displays as the user’s requested list. Development